The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The respiratory system consists of the airways, lungs, bony thorax, and respiratory muscles and functions in conjunction with the central nervous system (CNS). These structures work together to deliver oxygen to the bloodstream and remove excess carbon dioxide from the body. More »

 

4 Types of Hypersensitivity Reaction Cheat Sheet

Once you have read this section you will be familiar with the 4 main types of hypersensitivity reactions that can be produced by the immune system. You will understand and be able to distinguish between the mechanisms of damage involved

Appendicitis Cheat Sheet

Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed. It’s the most common major surgical emergency. More precisely, this disorder is an inflammation of the vermiform appendix, a small, fingerlike projection attached to the cecum just below the ileocecal valve. The appendix

Comprehensive Urinalysis Cheat Sheet

Urine studies, such as urinalysis and urine osmolality, can indicate urinary tract infection (UTI) and other disorders. Urinalysis Study: Urinalysis is performed on a urine specimen of at least 10 ml, urinalysis can indicate urinary or systemic disorders, warranting further

IV Fluid Drops per Minute Calculation Chart

The use of an electronic infusion device or iv pump is recommended for safe, accurate, and precise medications and fluid administration. There are however times when a pump is not used, is unavailable, or the need to verify the accuracy

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening metabolic disorder resulting from decreased effective circulating insulin, insulin resistance and increased production of counter-regulatory hormones. The frequency of DKA ranges from 16%-80% of children newly diagnosed with diabetes, depending on geographic location. It