What is Anesthesia ?
To induce loss of the pain sensation, the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist will use some form of anesthesia. (See Types of anesthesia.)
Types of anesthesia
The three types of anesthesia are general, regional, and balanced. This chart describes each type.
What OR nurses do
Operating room responsibilities are divided between the scrub nurse and the circulating nurse. The scrub nurse scrubs before the operation, sets up the sterile table, prepares sutures and special equipment, and provides help to the surgeon and his assistants throughout the operation. The circulating nurse manages the operating room and monitors cleanliness, humidity, lighting, and safety of equipment. She also coordinates activities of operating room personnel, monitors aseptic practices, assists in monitoring the patient, and acts as a patient safety advocate. Other nursing responsibilities during the intraoperative period may include positioning the patient, preparing the incision site, draping the patient, and documenting information (such as surgical team information, assessment, the care and handling of specimens, and the count sheet).
Time out for safety
Just before the procedure begins, the entire operative team stops and performs a final verification of the correct patient, procedure, and surgical site. Called a time out, this final step helps prevent serious errors from occurring.