The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The respiratory system consists of the airways, lungs, bony thorax, and respiratory muscles and functions in conjunction with the central nervous system (CNS). These structures work together to deliver oxygen to the bloodstream and remove excess carbon dioxide from the body. More »


Category Archives: Cheat Sheets

Antidiabetic Agents Cheat Sheet

(Antidiabetic agents, as the name implies, are used to treat diabetes mellitus, the most common of all metabolic disorders.) It is estimated that 10 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, and there are many

Causes of Chest Pain

(Chest pain (or chest discomfort) is a common symptom that can occur as a result of cardiovascular, pulmonary, pleural, or musculoskeletal disease, esophageal or other gastrointestinal disorders, or anxiety states.) The frequency and distribution of life-threatening causes of chest pain,

Antiarrhythmic Drugs Cheat Sheet

(Antiarrhythmics are the drugs that affect the action potential of cardiac cells and are used to treat arrhythmias and restore normal rate and rhythm.) Antiarrhythmics affect the action potential of the cardiac cells by altering their automaticity, conductivity, or both.

Causes of Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

ARDS is a form of pulmonary edema that leads to ARF, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results from increased permeability of the alveolocapillary membrane. Although severe ARDS may be fatal, recovering patients may have little or no permanent lung damage.

Causes of Anemia Mnemonic

Anemia is a condition in which the hemoglobin concentration is lower than normal, reflects the presence of fewer than normal RBCs within the circulation. Anemia is present when there is a decrease in Hb in the blood below the reference

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