Endocrine System

Endocrine System

I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS A. Functions 1. Maintenance and regulation of vital functions 2. Response to stress and injury 3. Growth and development 4. Energy metabolism 5. Reproduction 6. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance More »


Category Archives: Drugs

Levothroxine Drug Uses & Dosing Guide

Levothyroxine sodium is a synthetic thyroid hormone. The endogenous thyroid hormones, T3 and T4, diffuse into the cell nucleus and bind to thyroid receptor proteins attached to DNA. This hormone nuclear receptor complex activates gene transcription and synthesis of messenger

8 Common Drugs and Their Antidotes


Basic knowledge about antidotes is essential for nurses especially those who are working in acute care settings. To help you get started, here are some of the most common drugs and their antidotes:  

Verapamil Drug Uses and Dosing Guide


Verapamil is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure), angina (chest pain), and certain heart rhythm disorders. MOA of Verapamil is, Inhibits calcium “slow channels” on vascular smooth muscle and myocardium producing relaxation of muscle and vasodilatation. Increases myocardial oxygen

Electrolytes Lab Values and Interpretation


  Electrolytes are minerals in blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge. Electrolytes affect how your body functions in many ways, including:  >The amount of water in your body  >The acidity of your blood (pH)  >Your muscle

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Lab & Diagnostic Card


Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), formerly known as serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), is an enzyme produced by the liver. The highest concentration of ALT is found in liver cells; moderate amounts are found in kidney cells; and smaller amounts are found