The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The respiratory system consists of the airways, lungs, bony thorax, and respiratory muscles and functions in conjunction with the central nervous system (CNS). These structures work together to deliver oxygen to the bloodstream and remove excess carbon dioxide from the body. More »


Category Archives: Drugs

Characteristics of antituberculous drugs

PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS   General Considerations Tuberculosis is one of the world’s most widespread and deadly illnesses. M tuberculosis, the organism that causes tuberculosis infection and disease, infects one-third of the world’s population. In 2012, there were 8.6 million new cases

Main Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus Description Pregnancy places demands on carbohydrate metabolism and causes insulin requirements to change. Maternal glucose crosses the placenta, but insulin does not. During the first trimester, maternal insulin needs decrease. During the second and third trimesters, increases in

Properties of Heparins and warfarin

Heparin Chemistry—Heparin is a large sulfated polysaccharide polymer obtained from animal sources. Each batch contains molecules of varying size, with an average molecular weight of 15,000–20,000. Heparin is highly acidic and can be neutralized by basic molecules (eg, protamine). Properties of

Anticoagulation Drugs Cheat Sheet

The drugs used in clotting and bleeding disorders fall into 2 major groups: (1) drugs used to decrease clotting or dissolve clots already present in patients at risk for vascular occlusion and (2) drugs used to increase clotting in patients

Acetaminophen Dosing Guidelines

Acetaminophen ( ah-SEAT-ah-MIN-oh-fen) Antipyretic Analgesic PH 5.5 Ofirmev USUAL DOSE May be given as a single or repeated dose. Minimum dosing interval is 4 hours. No dose adjustment is necessary when converting from oral to IV dosing. The maximum daily