Endocrine System

Endocrine System

I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS A. Functions 1. Maintenance and regulation of vital functions 2. Response to stress and injury 3. Growth and development 4. Energy metabolism 5. Reproduction 6. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance More »


Category Archives: Medical Posts

Back Pain Common Causes, Signs & Symptoms


Back pain affects an estimated 80% of the population; in fact, it’s the second leading reason — after the common cold — for lost time from work. Although this symptom may herald a spondylogenic disorder, it may also result from

Amnesia Common Causes, Signs & Symptoms


Amnesia — a disturbance in, or loss of, memory — may be classified as partial or complete and as anterograde or retrograde. • Anterograde amnesia denotes memory loss of events that occurred after the onset of the causative trauma or

Anatomy of the Eye


The eye is the sensory organ of sight. It’s a hollow ball filled with fluid (vitreous humor) and consists of three layers: • fibrous outer layer — sclera, bulbar conjunctiva, and cornea • vascular middle layer — iris, ciliary body,

Major veins of the Body


Major Veins of the Body What Veins do? Veins carry blood toward the heart. Nearly all veins carry oxygende pleted blood, with the sole exception of the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium.

Pulmonary Embolism Sign and Symptoms


Pulmonary embolism and infarction Pulmonary embolism is an obstruction of the pulmonary arterial bed by a dislodged thrombus or foreign substance. Pulmonary infarction, or lung tissue death from a pulmonary embolus, is sometimes mild and may not produce symptoms. However,