Endocrine System

Endocrine System

I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS A. Functions 1. Maintenance and regulation of vital functions 2. Response to stress and injury 3. Growth and development 4. Energy metabolism 5. Reproduction 6. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance More »


Category Archives: Nursing Mnemonics

Causes of Heart Murmurs


Heart murmurs are produced by turbulent flow across an abnormal valve, septal defect or outflow obstruction. ‘Innocent’ murmurs caused by increased volume or velocity of flow through a normal valve occur when stroke volume is increased, e.g. during pregnancy, in

Dumping syndrome Signs & Symptoms


Dumping Syndrome is a rapid emptying of the gastric contents into the small intestine that occurs following gastric resection. Dumping syndrome consists of a series of vasomotor and GI signs and symptoms and occurs in patients who have undergone vagotomy

Congestive Heart Failure Signs and Symptoms


Congestive Heart Failure ( CHF) is the inability of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of oxygen to meet the metabolic needs of the body. In infants and children, inadequate cardiac output most commonly is caused by congenital heart

Signs of Depression Nursing Mnemonic


Depression is particularly common in hospitalized and institutionalized elders. Older single men have the highest suicide rate of any demographic group. Older patients with depression are more likely to have somatic complaints, less likely to report depressed mood, and more

Pneumothorax Sign & Symptoms Mnemonic


In pneumothorax, air or gas accumulates between the parietal and visceral pleurae, causing the lungs to collapse. The amount of air or gas trapped determines the degree of lung collapse. In some cases, venous return to the heart is impeded,