Endocrine System

Endocrine System

I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS A. Functions 1. Maintenance and regulation of vital functions 2. Response to stress and injury 3. Growth and development 4. Energy metabolism 5. Reproduction 6. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance More »


Category Archives: Nursing Mnemonics

4 Kinds of Headaches and Easy Ways to combat them


Muscle contraction, tension, and vascular changes cause 90% of headaches. Occasionally, however, a headache indicates an underlying intracranial, systemic, or psychological disorder. Throbbing, vascular headaches — migraine headaches — affect up to 10% of Americans. Migraines usually begin in childhood

Causes of Syncope Neuros Mnemonics


Syncope is a symptom defined as a transient, self-limited loss of consciousness, usually leading to a fall. Thirty percent of the adult population will experience at least one episode of syncope. It accounts for approximately 3% of emergency department visits.

Causes of Heart Murmurs


Heart murmurs are produced by turbulent flow across an abnormal valve, septal defect or outflow obstruction. ‘Innocent’ murmurs caused by increased volume or velocity of flow through a normal valve occur when stroke volume is increased, e.g. during pregnancy, in

Dumping syndrome Signs & Symptoms


Dumping Syndrome is a rapid emptying of the gastric contents into the small intestine that occurs following gastric resection. Dumping syndrome consists of a series of vasomotor and GI signs and symptoms and occurs in patients who have undergone vagotomy

Congestive Heart Failure Signs and Symptoms


Congestive Heart Failure ( CHF) is the inability of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of oxygen to meet the metabolic needs of the body. In infants and children, inadequate cardiac output most commonly is caused by congenital heart