There are three types of suffixes, which come at the end of a medical word. Here is a list of suffixes in their specific section with meanings.
Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indicates a procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech. A commonly used suffix is -itis, which means “inflammation.” When this suffix is paired with the prefix arthro-, meaning joint, the resulting word is arthritis, an inflammation of the joints. Sometimes it is necessary to change the last letter or letters of the root word or prefix when a suffix is added to make pronunciation easier. below table is about common suffixes.
Describes a type of invasive procedure performed on body parts
-centesis meaning puncture for aspiration
-clasis meaning surgical puncture
-desis meaning binding
-ectomy meaning excision or removal
-lysis meaning separation, destruction, or loosening
-pexy meaning suspension of fixation
-plasty meaning surgical repair or reconstruction
-rrhaphy meaning suture [like stiches, sewn in]
-tomy meaning incision
-tome meaning instrument to cut
-stomy meaning creation of an opening or ‘mouth’
-tripsy meaning crushing
-ation meaning process
-y meaning condition or process of
-ium meaning structure or tissue
-pnea meaning breathing
-poiesis meaning formation
-stasis meaning stop, stand, constant, stagnate, etc.
-icle, -ole, -ule, -ula meaning small or minute