NCLEX RN Practice Question # 414

ast

Free NCLEX Practice Questions.

Take Practice Question # 414

Nclex RN Practice Questions.

 

Medications For Asthama

Quick-relief medications (rescue medications):

  • Used to treat symptoms and exacerbations
  • (Rescue Medications) Short-acting b2 agonists (for bronchodilation)
  • Anticholinergics (for relief of acute bronchospasm)
  • Systemic corticosteroids (for anti-inflammatory action to treat reversible airflow obstruction)

Long-term control medications (preventer medications):

  • Used to achieve and maintain control of inflammation
  • Corticosteroids (for anti-inflammatory action)
  • Antiallergic medications (to prevent an adverse response on exposure to an allergen)
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for anti-inflammatory action)
  • Long-acting b2 agonists (for long-acting bronchodilation)
  • Leukotriene modifiers (to prevent bronchospasm and inflammatory cell infiltration)
  • Monoclonal antibody (blocks binding of IgE to mast cells to inhibit inflammation)
  • Nebulizer, metered-dose inhaler (MDI): May be used to administer medications; if the child has difficulty using the MDI, medication can be administered by nebulization (medication is mixed with saline and then nebulized with compressed air by a machine).
  • If the MDI is used to administer a corticosteroid, a spacer should be used to prevent yeast infections in the child’s mouth.
  • The child’s growth patterns need to be monitored when corticosteroids are prescribed.

Leave a Reply

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook