NCLEX RN Practice Question # 680

NCLEX Examination.

Practice Question # 680.

NCLEX Examinatin.

Guillain-Barré syndrome

An acute, rapidly progressive, and potentially fatal form of polyneuritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome causes muscle weakness and mild distal sensory loss. About 95% of patients experience spontaneous and complete recovery, although mild motor or reflex deficits in the feet and legs may persist.

What causes it

The precise cause of this syndrome is unknown, but it may be a cell-mediated immunologic attack on peripheral nerves in response to a virus. Precipitating factors may include:

• Mild febrile or viral illness

• Surgery

• Rabies or swine influenza vaccination

• Hodgkin’s disease or some other cancer

• Systemic lupus erythematosus.

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