NCLEX RN Practice Question # 743

Nclex examination.

Practice Question # 743.

 

NCLEX Examination.

 

Treatment of laryngeal cancer depends on the staging of the tumor, which includes the location, size, and histology of the tumor and the presence and extent of cervical lymph node involvement. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The prognosis depends on a variety of factors: tumor stage, the patient’s gender and age, and pathologic features of the tumor, including the grade and depth of infiltration. The treatment plan also depends on whether this is an initial diagnosis or a recurrence. Small glottic tumors, stage I and II, with no infiltration to the lymph nodes are associated with a 75% to 95% survival rate.

Patients with stage III and IV or advanced tumors have a 50% to 60% survival rate and have a 50% chance of recurrence and a 30% chance of metastasis. The highest risk of laryngeal cancer recurrence is in the first 2 to 3 years. Recurrence after 5 years is rare and is usually due to a new primary malignancy

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