NCLEX RN Practice Question # 811

NCLEX Examination.

Practice Question # 811.

 

nclex examination

 

 

 

GI system

When assessing the elderly patient’s GI system, pay special attention to the physiologic changes that accompany aging. Normal changes include diminished mucosal elasticity and reduced GI secretions, which in turn may alter digestion and absorption.

Major GI disorders include:

  • appendicitis,
  • cholecystitis,
  • cirrhosis,
  • colorectal cancer,
  • Crohn’sdisease,
  • diverticular disease,
  • esophageal cancer,
  • gastric cancer,
  • gastritis, gastroenteritis,
  • gastroesophageal reflux,
  • hepatitis, hiatal
  • hernia,
  • intestinal obstruction,
  • irritable bowel
  • syndrome,
  • pancreatitis,
  • peptic ulcer,
  • peritonitis, and
  • ulcerative colitis.

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