The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The Anatomy of the Respiratory System

The respiratory system consists of the airways, lungs, bony thorax, and respiratory muscles and functions in conjunction with the central nervous system (CNS). These structures work together to deliver oxygen to the bloodstream and remove excess carbon dioxide from the body. More »


Diabetes Mellitus ( DM) Nursing Cheat Sheet

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by disturbances in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism. A leading cause of death in North America, diabetes is a major risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, renal failure, and peripheral vascular disease. It’s also the

Pneumothorax Sign & Symptoms Mnemonic

In pneumothorax, air or gas accumulates between the parietal and visceral pleurae, causing the lungs to collapse. The amount of air or gas trapped determines the degree of lung collapse. In some cases, venous return to the heart is impeded,

Pain Relief Drugs Cheat Sheet

Pain is a complex, subjective phenomenon that involves biological, psychological, cultural, and social factors. To put it succinctly, pain is whatever the patient says it is, and it occurs whenever she says it does. The only true authority on any

Lidocaine Toxicity Pharmacology Mnemonic

Lidocaine is used for Local infiltrate, nerve block, spinal, epidural, topical, IV regional. Lidocaine is useful in acute ischemic ventricular arrhythmias, for example, after myocardial infarction. Atrial arrhythmias are not responsive unless caused by digitalis. Lidocaine Dosage Guideline Adult: 300

Mixing Insulin Pharmacology Mnemonic

Insulin is used to treat types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus when diet, weight control therapy, and oral hypoglycemic agents have failed to maintain satisfactory blood glucose levels. ‘’insulin: hormone secreted into the blood by the islets of Langerhans of