Endocrine System

Endocrine System

I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ENDOCRINE GLANDS A. Functions 1. Maintenance and regulation of vital functions 2. Response to stress and injury 3. Growth and development 4. Energy metabolism 5. Reproduction 6. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance More »


Pain Relief Drugs Cheat Sheet


Pain is a complex, subjective phenomenon that involves biological, psychological, cultural, and social factors. To put it succinctly, pain is whatever the patient says it is, and it occurs whenever she says it does. The only true authority on any

Lidocaine Toxicity Pharmacology Mnemonic


Lidocaine is used for Local infiltrate, nerve block, spinal, epidural, topical, IV regional. Lidocaine is useful in acute ischemic ventricular arrhythmias, for example, after myocardial infarction. Atrial arrhythmias are not responsive unless caused by digitalis. Lidocaine Dosage Guideline Adult: 300

Mixing Insulin Pharmacology Mnemonic


Insulin is used to treat types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus when diet, weight control therapy, and oral hypoglycemic agents have failed to maintain satisfactory blood glucose levels. ‘’insulin: hormone secreted into the blood by the islets of Langerhans of

Magnesium Sulfate MGSO4 Toxicity Pharmacology Mnemonic


Magnesium sulfate is a small colorless crystal used as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher in the treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. It causes direct inhibition of action potentials in myometrial muscle cells. Excitation and contraction are uncoupled,

Early Signs of Hypoxia


Hypoxia refer to a condition in which the supply of oxygen is insufficient for body need. It is also known as Hypoxiation or anoxemia, follow the below Mnemonics for Hypoxia Signs.   There are four types of hypoxia: 1: The hypoxemic