Types of Insulin
Insulin increases glucose transport into cells and promotes conversion of glucose to glycogen, decreasing serum glucose levels.
Insulin acts primarily in the liver, muscle, and adipose tissue by attaching to receptors on cellular membranes and facilitating the passage of glucose, potassium, and magnesium.
Why insulin is needed
Insulin is prescribed for clients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus in clients whose blood glucose level is not controlled with oral hypoglycemic agents.
The onset, peak, and duration of action depend on the insulin type, look to the table.