Atrial fibrillation, also known as AFib is the most common type of abnormal heartbeat. Abnormal electrical discharges are the cause of AFib that generate chaotically throughout the upper chambers of the heart, called atria.
Atrial Fibrillation is a Multiple rapid impulses from many foci depolarize in the atria in a totally disorganized manner at a rate of 350 to 600 times/minute. The atria quiver, which can lead to the formation of thrombi. Usually no definitive P wave can be observed, only fibrillatory waves before each QRS.
Nursing Interventions for Atrial Fibrillation
a. Administer oxygen.
b. Administer anticoagulants as prescribed because of the risk of emboli.
c. Administer cardiac medications as prescribed to control the ventricular rhythm and assist in the maintenance of cardiac output.
d. Prepare the client for cardioversion as prescribed.
e. Instruct the client in the use of medications as prescribed to control the dysrhythmia.