Fungal infections in humans range from conditions such as the annoying “athlete’s foot” to potentially fatal systemic infections. An infection caused by a fungus is called a mycosis.
Following are the Drugs names that used as Antifungal Agents.
Fungi differ from bacteria in that the fungus has a rigid cell wall that is made up of chitin and various polysaccharides and a cell membrane that contains ergosterol. The composition of the protective layers of the fungal cell makes the organism resistant to antibiotics. Conversely, because of their cellular makeup, bacteria are resistant to antifungal drugs.
The incidence of fungal infections has increased with the rising number of immunocompromised individuals—patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-related complex (ARC), those taking immunosuppressant drugs, those who have undergone transplantation surgery or cancer treatment, and members of the increasingly large elderly population, whose body is no longer able to protect itself from the many fungi that are found throughout the environment For example, Candida, a fungus that is normally found on mucous membranes, can cause yeast infections or “thrush” in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and yeast infections or “vaginitis” in the vagina.