Common Medical Suffixes cheat sheet

There are three types of suffixes, which come at the end of a medical word. Here is a list of suffixes in their specific section with meanings.

Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indicates a procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech. A commonly used suffix is -itis, which means “inflammation.” When this suffix is paired with the prefix arthro-, meaning joint, the resulting word is arthritis, an inflammation of the joints. Sometimes it is necessary to change the last letter or letters of the root word or prefix when a suffix is added to make pronunciation easier. below table is about common suffixes.




Surgical Suffixes

Describes a type of invasive procedure performed on body parts


-centesis  meaning puncture for aspiration

-clasis  meaning surgical puncture

-desis  meaning binding

-ectomy  meaning excision or removal

-lysis  meaning separation, destruction, or loosening

-pexy  meaning suspension of fixation

-plasty  meaning surgical repair or reconstruction

-rrhaphy  meaning suture [like stiches, sewn in]

-tomy  meaning incision

-tome  meaning instrument to cut

-stomy  meaning creation of an opening or ‘mouth’

-tripsy  meaning crushing

-ation  meaning process

-y  meaning condition or process of

-ium  meaning structure or tissue

-pnea  meaning breathing

-poiesis  meaning formation

-stasis  meaning stop, stand, constant, stagnate, etc.

-icle, -ole, -ule, -ula  meaning small or minute

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