Trauma Nursing Education
“Trauma is the leading cause of death for Americans between the ages of 1 and 46 years, the third cause of death across all age groups.” 1 Trauma injuries account for 30% of life years lost in the United States, more than cancer (16%) and heart disease (12%) combined.1 Projections indicate traumatic injury worldwide will be the fourth leading cause of disabilityadjusted life years by 2030.2 Irrespective of one’s age, economic status, or race, injuries occur to almost everyone during their lifetime.
Emergency Trauma Assessment Cheat sheet for the Nclex Students.
3 Many survive their injuries and are confronted with physical, mental, and financial issues for the rest of their lives.3 As far back as 1979, data showed that the implementation of an organized trauma system leads to a reduction in deaths of seriously injured patients.4 During the Korean and Vietnam wars, the public became aware the military systems of trauma care routinely saved lives.5 More recently, a multidisciplinary, coordinated, and systematic approach to patient care was shown to result in optimal trauma care outcomes.
6–11 Trauma nurses are an essential component of this systematic approach to optimal trauma care.9,10 In fact, “Trauma nursing occurs wherever nurses care for injured patients. It takes place throughout the continuum of care from the prehospital environment through resuscitation, surgery, recovery, rehabilitation, and return to the community.”10,pg1 Emergency nurses are positioned as front-line providers of trauma care in their practice and are accountable to learn and use evidence, based on a systematic, standardized, and coordinated approach to provide optimal trauma care.