NCLEX Quiz # 988

NCLEX Examination,

Practice Question # 988.


nclex quiz


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS; previously called adult respiratory distress syndrome) is a clinical syndrome characterized by a sudden and progressive pulmonary edema, increasing bilateral infiltrates on chest x-ray, hypoxemia refractory to oxygen supplementation, and reduced lung compliance. These signs occur in the absence of left-sided heart failure.

Patients with ARDS usually require mechanical ventilation with a higher-thannormal airway pressure. A wide range of factors are associated with the development of ARDS , including direct injury to the lungs (eg, smoke inhalation) or indirect insult to the lungs (eg, shock). ARDS has been associated with a mortality rate as high as 50% to 60%. The major cause of death in ARDS is nonpulmonary multiple-system organ failure, often with sepsis.

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