NCLEX RN Practice Question 442

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Arterial steal syndrome

A syndrome that can develop following the insertion of an arteriovenous fistula when too much blood is diverted to the vein and arterial perfusion to the hand is compromised.

arterial steal syndrome

Arteriovenous fistula

Surgical creation by anastomosis of an opening, or fistula, between a large artery and a large vein. The flow of arterial blood into the venous system causes the vein to become engorged (maturity). Maturity is necessary so that the engorged vein can be punctured using a large-bore needle. This also allows the blood to be returned quickly for effective dialysis.

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