NCLEX RN Practice Question # 532

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Nclex Practice Questions

Disease transmission

  • A disease most commonly transmitted is hepatitis C, which is manifested by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, dark urine, and jaundice; the symptoms usually occur within 4 to 6 weeks after the transfusion.
  • Other infectious agents and diseases transmitted by blood transfusion include hepatitis B virus, human immunodeficiency virus, human herpesvirus type 6, Epstein-Barr virus, human T-cell leukemia, cytomegalovirus, and malaria.
  • Donor screening has greatly reduced the risk of transmission of infectious agents; additionally, antibody testing of donors for human immunodeficiency virus has greatly reduced the risk of transmission.

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