NCLEX RN Practice Question # 595

NCLEX Examination.

Practice Question # 595.




Surgical Consent facebook

Informed Consent


  • Informed consent is the client’s approval (or that of the client’s legal representative) to have his or her body touched by a specific individual.
  • Consents, or releases, are legal documents that indicate the client’s permission to perform surgery, perform a treatment or procedure, or give information to a third party.
  • There are different types of consents.
  • Informed consent indicates the client’s participation in the decision regarding health care.
  • The client must be informed, in understandable terms, of the risks and benefits of the surgery or treatment, what the consequences are for not having the surgery or procedure performed, treatment options, and the name of the health care provider performing the surgery or procedure.
  • A client’s questions about the surgery or procedure must be answered before signing the consent.
  • A consent must be signed freely by the client without threat or pressure and must be witnessed (witness must be an adult).
  • A client who has been medicated with sedating medications or any other medications that can affect the client’s cognitive abilities should not be asked to sign a consent.
  • Legally, the client must be mentally and emotionally competent to give consent.
  • If a client is declared mentally or emotionally incompetent, the next of kin, appointed guardian (appointed by the court), or durable power of attorney has legal authority to give consent.
  • A competent client older than 18 years of age must sign the consent.
  • In most states, when a nurse is involved in the informed consent process, the nurse is witnessing only the signature of the client on the informed consent form.
  • An informed consent can be waived for urgent medical or surgical intervention as long as institutional policy so indicates.

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