NCLEX RN Practice Question # 612

NCLEX Examination.

Practice Question # 612.


 

Nclex

hepatitis C Transmission

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HEPATITIS C

Description

  • Hepatitis C virus infection occurs year-round.
  • Infection can occur in any age group.
  • Infection with HCV is common among IV drug users and is the major cause of post-transfusion hepatitis.
  • Risk factors are similar to those for HBV because hepatitis C is also transmitted parenterally.

Individuals at increased risk

  • Parenteral drug users
  • Clients receiving frequent transfusions
  • Health care personnel

Transmission: Same as for HBV, primarily through blood

Incubation period: 5 to 10 weeks

Testing: Anti-HCV is the antibody to HCV and is measured to detect chronic states of hepatitis C.

Complications

  • Chronic liver disease
  • Cirrhosis
  • Primary hepatocellular carcinoma

Prevention

  • Strict handwashing
  • Needle precautions
  • Screening of blood donors

 

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