NCLEX RN Practice Question # 704

NCLEX Examination.

Practice Question # 704.

NCLEX Examination.



The respiratory system functions primarily to maintain the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs and tissues and to regulate acid-base balance. Any change in this system affects every other body system. Conversely, changes in other body systems may reduce the lungs’ ability to provide oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.

Acidosis is caused by an overproduction of acid in the blood or an excessive loss of bicarbonate from the blood (metabolic acidosis) or by a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood that results from poor lung function or depressed breathing (respiratory acidosis).

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