NCLEX RN Practice Question # 821
Practice Question # 821.
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Increased intracranial pressure:
Increased pressure within the skull may be caused by trauma, hemorrhage, growths or tumors, hydrocephalus, edema, or inflammation. Increased pressure can impede circulation to the brain and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid and can affect nerve cell functioning, leading to brainstem compression and death.
The signs of increased ICP include:
- Restlessness and irritability
- Increased blood pressure
- Decreased mental abilities
- Confusion about time, location and people as the pressure worsens
- Double vision
- Pupils that don’t respond to changes in light
- Shallow breathing
- Decreased level of consciousness